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Xenotransplantation. 2006 Sep;13(5):455-64.

A study of the xenoantigenicity of neonatal porcine islet-like cell clusters (NPCC) and the efficiency of adenovirus-mediated DAF (CD55) expression.

Author information

1
Division of Organ Transplantation, Department of Molecular Therapeutics, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The pig pancreas is considered to be the most suitable source of islets for xenotransplantation in patients with type I diabetes. The objective of this study was to assess the antigenicity of neonatal porcine islet-like cell clusters (NPCC), including the Galalpha1-3Galbeta1-4GlcNAc-R (alpha-Gal) and Hanganutziu-Deicher (H-D) antigens, and the pathway involved in human complement activation. The efficiency of expression of human decay-accelerating factor (DAF: CD55) on NPCC by adenoviral transduction was also examined, and the functional capacity of DAF was also estimated.

METHODS:

The deposition of human natural antibodies, immunoglobulin (Ig)G and IgM, and the expression of alpha-Gal and H-D antigens on NPCC were investigated by FACS analysis. The downregulation in the antigenicity to human natural antibodies, including the alpha-Gal and H-D antigens on NPCC by treatment with tunicamycin, PDMP and neuraminidase were also examined. In addition, complement-mediated islet lysis was examined using factor D-deficient and C1-deficient sera. An adenovirus encoding DAF under the control of the cytomegalovirus promoter, Ad.pCMV-DAF, was then constructed, and used for transducing NPCC. The amelioration of complement-dependent cytotoxicity of the NPCC by the transduced DAF was assessed as an in vitro hyperacute rejection model of a pig to human xenograft.

RESULTS:

The NPCC clearly expressed the alpha-Gal epitope, and the human natural antibodies, IgG and IgM, and the anti-H-D antibody also reacted with the NPCC. Treatment of NPCC with tunicamycin led to a drastic reduction in the extent of deposition of IgG, indicating the importance of N-linked sugars on the islets, presumably related to alpha-Gal expression on N-linked sugars. Neuraminidase treatment indicated the presence of, not only the H-D antigen, but also other sialic acid antigens which reacted with the human natural antibody, especially IgG. The complement deposition of factor B on NPCC was clear, and the alternative pathway-mediated NPCC killing accounted for approximately 30% of that by the total complement pathway. On the other hand, approximately 90% of the NPCC could be transduced to express DAF by the adenovector, Ad.pCMV-DAF. The expressed DAF showed an approximately 50-62% suppression in complement-dependent NPCC lysis.

CONCLUSION:

The origin of the antigenicity of NPCC is mainly N-linked sugars including alpha-Gal and sialic acid antigens, and NPCC expressed the transduced molecule in high efficiency by the adenovector.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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