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Am J Transplant. 2006 Oct;6(10):2429-35. Epub 2006 Aug 21.

Living donor kidney transplant recipients and clinical trials: participation profiles and impact on post-transplant care.

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Department of Surgery, Division of Transplantation, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.


Many transplant physicians believe that transplant candidates who enroll in clinical trials may have better outcomes than those who do not enroll. We examined a 7-year cohort (1997-2003) of adult primary, non-HLA identical, living donor kidney transplant (LDKT) recipients to determine whether demographic characteristics predisposed to enrollment and whether participation affected posttransplant care intensity and/or allograft function. Overall, 146 of 512 (28.5%) LDKT recipients enrolled in clinical trials. LDKT recipients who were male and those who lived <100 miles from our transplant center were significantly more likely to participate. During the first post-transplant year, study patients (SPs) had more clinic visits (p < 0.0001) and more allograft biopsies (p = 0.024) compared to nonstudy patients (NSPs), but comparable numbers of hospital readmissions and allograft ultrasounds. SPs and NSPs did not differ in 1-year creatinine clearance, delta creatinine or rejection incidence. Overall graft and patient survival were comparable. We conclude that clinical trial participants were disproportionately male, had increased intensity of post-transplant care but comparable outcomes to nonparticipants.

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