Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Singapore Med J. 2006 Sep;47(9):763-8.

Predictors of failed closure of patent ductus arteriosus with indomethacin.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Yaacob Latif, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur 56000, Malaysia. nemyun_boo@imu.edu.my.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The aim of this study was to determine predictors of failed closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) following a single course of indomethacin in symptomatic preterm infants.

METHODS:

This prospective observational study was carried out on 60 preterm infants weighing less than 1,750 g with symptomatic PDA confirmed by echocardiography. At a median age of 7.0 days (interquartile range 4.0), they were given indomethacin of 0.1 mg/kg/day intravenously daily for six days. Closure of PDA was reassessed by echocardiography upon completion of therapy.

RESULTS:

The PDA of 40 percent (n=24) of these infants remained patent. Forward logistic regression analysis showed that the only significant predictors of failed PDA closure in these infants were: PDA size (adjusted odds-ratio [OR] is 7.0; 95 percent confidence interval [CI] of OR is 2.0, 24.8; p-value is 0.002), birth weight (adjusted OR is 0.996; 95 percent CI of OR is 0.993, 1.000; p-value is 0.03) and platelet count (adjusted OR is 0.987; 95 percent CI is 0.975, 1.000; p-value is 0.045). Gestational age, maternal age and left atrium/aorta ratios were not significant predictors.

CONCLUSION:

Larger PDA, lower birth weight and lower platelet count were significant predictors of high failure in indomethacin therapy given late at one week of life.

PMID:
16924357
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Singapore Medical Association
Loading ...
Support Center