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Langmuir. 2006 Aug 29;22(18):7512-20.

Aqueous particulate foams stabilized solely with polymer latex particles.

Author information

1
Department of Applied Chemistry, Osaka Institute of Technology, 5-16-1 Ohmiya, Osaka 535-8585, Japan. sfujii@chem.oit.ac.jp

Abstract

In this article, a wide range of latexes are evaluated as possible foam stabilizers. These include near-monodisperse, poly(N-vinyl pyrrolidone)-stabilized polystyrene [PNVP-PS] latexes with diameters ranging from 170 nm to 1.62 microm, submicrometer-sized poly(ethylene glycol)-stabilized polystyrene [PEGMA-PS] latex particles, a PNVP-stabilized poly(4-bromostyrene) [PNVP-PBrS] latex with a mean diameter of 870 nm, two PNVP-stabilized poly(methyl methacrylate) [PNVP-PMMA] latexes with mean diameters of 730 nm and 1.20 microm, a PNVP-stabilized poly(2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate) [PNVP-PHPMA] latex with a mean diameter of 630 nm, and a charge-stabilized anionic PS latex of 220 nm diameter. The effect of varying the particle size, latex concentration, and latex surface composition on foam stability were studied in detail. The larger PNVP-PS latexes, the PNVP-PBrS, and the two PNVP-PMMA latexes gave highly stable foams, whereas PEGMA-PS, PNVP-PHPMA, and the charge-stabilized PS latex produced either no foams or foams with inferior long-term stabilities. Scanning electron microscopy studies revealed hexagonally close-packed latex arrays in the walls of the dried foam, which leads to localized moiré patterns being observed by optical microscopy. Moreover, these dried foams are highly iridescent in bright transmitted light.

PMID:
16922528
DOI:
10.1021/la060812u

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