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Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2006 Sep;7(9):667-77.

Regulation of the INK4b-ARF-INK4a tumour suppressor locus: all for one or one for all.

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Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, Hammersmith Campus, London W12 0NN, UK.


The INK4b-ARF-INK4a locus encodes two members of the INK4 family of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors, p15(INK4b) and p16(INK4a), and a completely unrelated protein, known as ARF. All three products participate in major tumour suppressor networks that are disabled in human cancer and influence key physiological processes such as replicative senescence, apoptosis and stem-cell self-renewal. Transcription from the locus is therefore kept under strict control. Mounting evidence suggests that although the individual genes can respond independently to positive and negative signals in different contexts, the entire locus might be coordinately suppressed by a cis-acting regulatory domain or by the action of Polycomb group repressor complexes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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