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Cell Cycle. 2006 Aug;5(15):1687-98. Epub 2006 Aug 1.

Cyclin B dissociation from CDK1 precedes its degradation upon MPF inactivation in mitotic extracts of Xenopus laevis embryos.

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CNRS-UMR 6061, Biology and Genetics of Development, Mitosis and Meiosis Group, IFR140 GFAS, University of Rennes 1, Faculty of Medicine, Rennes, France.


Cyclin B is a regulatory subunit of CDK1 within MPF complex. Degradation of cyclin B via ubiquitin-proteasome pathway seemed to be absolutely required for the M-phase exit. However, inhibition of the proteasome proteolytic activity upon the exit from the meiotic metaphase II-arrest in Xenopus cell-free extract revealed that the proteasome-dependent dissociation of cyclin B from CDK1 is sufficient to inactivate MPF without cyclin B degradation. In this study we analyze whether the same mechanism operates during the exit from mitotic M-phase. We show in Xenopus cell-free extract undergoing the first or the second embryonic mitosis that CDK1 oscillations are not affected by proteasome inhibition with MG132 or ALLN despite effective inhibition of cyclins B degradation. The majority of cyclins B1 and B2 surviving CDK1 inactivation is CDK-free and cyclin B2 becomes resistant to phosphatase lambda dephosphorylation. The pool of cyclins B remaining after CDK1 inactivation in the presence of MG132 is mitotically inert, while exogenous or newly synthesized cyclin B activates CDK1. This suggests that cyclins B remain sequestered within the proteasome upon MPF inactivation in the presence of MG132. Comparison of the dynamics of the decline of total and CDK-bound pools of cyclins B1, B2 and B4 upon mitotic exit in absence of protein synthesis reveals that CDK-bound cyclins B diminish clearly faster. Our results thus show that cyclin B dissociation from CDK1 precedes cyclins B degradation upon CDK1 inactivation in mitotic embryo extracts and that proteasome proteolytic activity is dispensable for both activation and inactivation of CDK1 in such extracts.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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