Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur Neurol. 2006;56(1):66-8.

Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation: A cautionary tale.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurology, Hull Royal Infirmary, Hull, UK.

Abstract

Hallervorden and Spatz first described, in a sibship of 12, five sisters with clinically increasing dysarthria and progressive dementia, whose brains showed a brown discoloration of the globus pallidus and substantia nigra. Subsequently the basis has been shown to be a neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation or pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration due to mutations in the pantothenate kinase 2 (PANK2) gene. Progressive dystonia, Parkinsonism and dementia characterise the syndrome in children. The pathology comprises neuronal loss, axonal swelling, gliosis and iron deposits in the basal nuclei, disclosed by 'the eye of the tiger' sign on MR imaging. Since the criminal, unethical National Socialist activities of Hallervorden and Spatz came to light 'neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation' has become the preferred nomenclature.

PMID:
16921248
DOI:
10.1159/000095149
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for S. Karger AG, Basel, Switzerland
    Loading ...
    Support Center