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Autoimmun Rev. 2006 Aug;5(7):493-8. Epub 2006 Feb 20.

Cyclosporine A for the treatment of autoimmune disorders in HCV infected patients.

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U.O.C. di Reumatologia, Policlinico Le Scotte-Viale Bracci 53100 Siena, Italy.


Due to the relatively high prevalence of both HCV infection and autoimmune disorders (AD), it is not rare to encounter patients with AD also carrying HCV. Considering that the use in HCV infected individuals of corticosteroids or immunosuppressant drugs, that are indeed needed to treat AD, is considered a risk for worsening the clinical outcome of HCV infection, rheumatologist have often refrained from using these drugs in AD when HCV-RNA is also present. Cyclosporine (CsA) is an immunosuppressive agent used to treat a wide range of autoimmune disorders but there is in literature a large body of evidence suggesting that CsA also exerts an inhibitory effect on HCV replication at standard therapeutic dose. The anti-HCV effect of CsA has been demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, these evidences have opened new ways to improve the therapy and the prognosis in patients with HCV-related liver diseases including transplanted ones. Recent reports, although limited in number, also suggest the safety of CsA, in the treatment of patients with AD and concomitant HCV infection. Good results have also been obtained in the treatment in rheumatoid arthritis patients even in association with anti-TNF agents.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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