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J Chromatogr A. 2006 Nov 3;1132(1-2):165-73. Epub 2006 Aug 21.

Targeted glycoproteomics: serial lectin affinity chromatography in the selection of O-glycosylation sites on proteins from the human blood proteome.

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Department of Chemistry and Cancer Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, United States. <>


Although lectin selection is gaining increasing acceptance as a tool for targeting glycosylation in glycoproteomics, most of the work has been directed at N-glycosylation. The work reported here focuses on the use of lectins in the study of O-glycosylation. The problem with using lectins for studying O-glycosylation is that they are not sufficiently specific. This paper reports that through the use of serial lectin affinity chromatography (SLAC) it is possible to select predominantly O-glycosylated peptides from tryptic digests of human serum. Jacalin is relatively specific for O-glycosylation but has the problem that it also selects high mannose N-type glycans. This problem was addressed by using a concanavalin A affinity column to first remove high mannose, hybrid-type and biantennary complex-type N-type glycans before application of the Jacalin columns. When used in a serial format, concanavalin A and Jacalin together provide essentially O-glycosylated peptides. The glycoprotein parents of glycopeptides were identified by deglycosylating the selected O-glycopeptides by oxidative elimination. These peptides were then separated by RPC and further analyzed using ESI-MS/MS and MALDI-MS/MS. Using this approach all the O-glycosylated sites in a model protein (fetuin) and over thirty glycoprotein parents from human serum were identified. It is concluded that a serial combination of Con A and Jacalin can be of utility in the study of O-glycosylation in glycoproteomics.

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