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Neurosci Lett. 2006 Oct 9;406(3):200-4. Epub 2006 Aug 17.

The formation of bioactive amyloid species by prion proteins in vitro and in cells.

Author information

1
Cellular Neurobiology Laboratory, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037-1099, USA.

Abstract

Amyloid proteins are a group of proteins that can polymerize into cross beta-sheeted amyloid species. We have found that enhancing cellular 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) formazan exocytosis is a common property of bioactive amyloid species formed from all of the amyloid proteins tested to date. In this report, we show that the infectious amyloid species of the prion protein HET-s of the filamentous fungus Podospora anserina, like other amyloidogenic proteins, also enhances MTT formazan exocytosis. More strikingly, cellular MTT formazan exocytosis revealed the formation of bioactive amyloid species in prion-infected mouse N2a neuroblastoma cells. These findings suggest that cellular MTT formazan exocytosis can be useful for studying the roles of bioactive amyloid species in prion infectivity and prion-induced neurodegeneration.

PMID:
16916580
DOI:
10.1016/j.neulet.2006.07.047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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