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Vaccine. 2007 Jan 2;25(1):64-71. Epub 2006 Jul 31.

Adjuvant effects of adenylate cyclase toxin of Bordetella pertussis after intranasal immunisation of mice.

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Division of Infection and Immunity, Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Glasgow Biomedical Research Centre, University of Glasgow, 120 University Place, Glasgow G12 8TA, UK.


This study examined the ability of the adenylate cyclase toxin (CyaA) of Bordetella pertussis to act as a mucosal adjuvant for other antigens when co-administered by the intranasal route in mice. Two forms of CyaA were used: the cell-invasive, enzymically active form and a cell-invasive toxin lacking adenylate cyclase enzymic activity (CyaA*). Co-administration intranasally (i/n) of CyaA or CyaA* with ovalbumin (Ova) significantly enhanced (P<0.05) anti-Ova IgG and IgA antibody responses in the serum and anti-Ova IgA responses in lung and nasal secretions compared to those generated by immunisation i/n with Ova alone. The effects were greater with CyaA*. Administration of CyaA* with Ova induced priming of Ova-specific T cells in vivo to a greater extent than that obtained after immunisation with Ova alone. Co-administration of CyaA or CyaA* with pertactin (Prn) significantly enhanced (P<0.05) the serum anti-Prn IgG responses and immunisation with Prn and CyaA* significantly increased the anti-Prn IgA responses in the lungs compared with responses after immunisation with Prn alone. Immunisation i/n with Prn alone partially protected mice (P<0.05) against challenge i/n with B. pertussis. Co-administration of CyaA or CyaA* with pertactin (Prn) significantly increased protection (P<0.05) against challenge compared to that obtained with Prn alone. These effects were particularly apparent with CyaA* as the adjuvant.

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