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Semin Ophthalmol. 2006 Jul-Sep;21(3):161-9.

Topical medical therapies for ocular surface tumors.

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Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA 02114, USA.


We review the use of three topical medications for the therapy of ocular surface tumors: mitomycin C, 5-fluorouracil, and interferon alpha-2B. One hundred sixty patients with histologically or cytologically proven epithelial and melanocytic tumors were identified in the literature. Side effects occurred most often with mitomycin C, followed by 5-fluorouracil, and interferon alpha-2B. Patients most frequently experienced transient keratitis, redness, and irritation. Topical agents were used as both primary and adjuvant therapy. Rates of tumor regression for CIN and squamous cell carcinoma ranged from 80 to 96%, and 70% of pigmented tumors regressed after an average follow-up of 27 months.

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