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Mol Cell Biol. 2006 Oct;26(20):7707-18. Epub 2006 Aug 14.

Syntenin-1 is a new component of tetraspanin-enriched microdomains: mechanisms and consequences of the interaction of syntenin-1 with CD63.

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CR UK Institute for Cancer Studies, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom.


Tetraspanins are clustered in specific microdomains (named tetraspanin-enriched microdomains, or TERM) in the plasma membrane and regulate the functions of associated transmembrane receptors, including integrins and receptor tyrosine kinases. We have identified syntenin-1, a PDZ domain-containing protein, as a new component of TERM and show that syntenin-1 specifically interacts with the tetraspanin CD63. Detailed biochemical and heteronuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) studies have demonstrated that the interaction is mediated by the C-terminal cytoplasmic region of the tetraspanin and the PDZ domains of syntenin-1. Upon interaction, NMR chemical shift perturbations were predominantly localized to residues around the binding pocket of PDZ1, indicating a specific mode of recognition of the cytoplasmic tail of CD63. In addition, the C terminus of syntenin-1 has a stabilizing role in the CD63-syntenin-1 association, as deletion of the last 17 amino acids abolished the interaction. The CD63-syntenin-1 complex is abundant on the plasma membrane, and the elevated expression of the wild-type syntenin-1 slows down constitutive internalization of the tetraspanin. Furthermore, internalization of CD63 was completely blocked in cells expressing a syntenin-1 mutant lacking the first 100 amino acids. Previous results have shown that CD63 is internalized via AP-2-dependent mechanisms. Hence, our data indicate that syntenin-1 can counteract the AP-2-dependent internalization and identify this tandem PDZ protein as a new regulator of endocytosis.

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