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J Biol Chem. 2006 Oct 20;281(42):31720-8. Epub 2006 Aug 14.

Wnt/beta-catenin signaling is a normal physiological response to mechanical loading in bone.

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  • 1Women's Health and Musculoskeletal Biology, Wyeth Research, Collegeville, Pennsylvania 19426, USA. robinsj@wyeth.com

Abstract

A preliminary expression profiling analysis of osteoblasts derived from tibia explants of the high bone mass LRP5 G171V transgenic mice demonstrated increased expression of canonical Wnt pathway and Wnt/beta-catenin target genes compared with non-transgenic explant derived osteoblasts. Therefore, expression of Wnt/beta-catenin target genes were monitored after in vivo loading of the tibia of LRP5 G171V transgenic mice compared with non-transgenic mice. Loading resulted in the increased expression of Wnt pathway and Wnt/beta-catenin target genes including Wnt10B, SFRP1, cyclin D1, FzD2, WISP2, and connexin 43 in both genotypes; however, there was a further increased in transcriptional response with the LRP5 G171V transgenic mice. Similar increases in the expression of these genes (except cyclin D1) were observed when non-transgenic mice were pharmacologically treated with a canonical Wnt pathway activator, glycogen synthase kinase 3beta inhibitor and then subjected to load. These in vivo results were further corroborated by in vitro mechanical loading experiments in which MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells were subjected to 3400 microstrain alone for 5 h, which increased the expression of Wnt10B, SFRP1, cyclin D1, FzD2, WISP2, and connexin 43. Furthermore, when MC3T3-E1 cells were treated with either glycogen synthase kinase 3beta inhibitor or Wnt3A to activate Wnt signaling and then subjected to load, a synergistic up-regulation of these genes was observed compared with vehicle-treated cells. Collectively, the in vivo and in vitro mechanical loading results support that Wnt/beta-catenin signaling is a normal physiological response to load and that activation of the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway enhances the sensitivity of osteoblasts/osteocytes to mechanical loading.

PMID:
16908522
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M602308200
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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