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Transplant Proc. 2006 Jul-Aug;38(6):1844-8.

Experimental evaluation of Surgisis as scaffold for neointestine regeneration in a rat model.

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Unità di Chirurgia d'Urgenza, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria di Bologna, Policlinico Sant'Orsola-Malpighi, Via Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna, Italy.


The aim of the study was to evaluate the use of Surgisis (Cook Biotech Inc.), a porcine derived extracellular matrix already used in tissue engineering, as a scaffold for neointestinal regeneration in a rat model. A 3-cm length of tubular Surgisis graft was interposed with bilateral anastomoses in the middle of an isolated ileal loop of Sprague Dawley rats with an ileostomy. The grafts were harvested and analyzed using histology and immunohistochemistry at 24 weeks after operation. Macroscopic examination revealed neither stenosis nor adhesions in the area surrounding the neointestine. The regenerated small bowel showed a mean shrinkage of 30.7% (range 20%-40%). Histologic and immunohistochemical evaluation showed a well-developed three layers of mucosa and smooth muscle and serosa in the regenerated bowel wall that were similar to those of the normal bowel with evident neovascularization. Also, the regeneration of smooth muscle fibers and innervation were evident. The preliminary results of this study showed that Surgisis allowed rapid regeneration of mucosa and smooth muscle and therefore may be a promising material for the creation of a neointestine.

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