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World J Surg. 2006 Sep;30(9):1742-9.

Impact of polypropylene amount on functional outcome and quality of life after inguinal hernia repair by the TAPP procedure using pure, mixed, and titanium-coated meshes.

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  • 1Department of General Surgery, Herz-Jesu-Hospital Muenster-Hiltrup, Westfalenstr. 109, D-48165, Muenster, Germany. chirurgie@herz-jesu-kh-ms.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair requires the use of prosthetic material. This prospective, single-center study was intended to investigate the impact of the amount of polypropylene (PP) mesh used in hernia repair on functional results and quality of life.

METHODS:

For this series, 672 consecutive patients with primary inguinal hernia undergoing transabdominal preperitoneal hernia repair (TAPP) using a heavyweight PP mesh (Prolene 10 x 15 cm, 1.5 g, group I, n = 232), a mixed PP- and Polyglactin mesh (Vypro II, 10 x 15 cm, 0.53 g, group II, n = 217), or a light-weight titanized PP mesh (Ti-Mesh, 10 x 15 cm, 0.24 g, group III, n = 223) were compared in terms of postoperative complications (seroma, wound healing disorders), quality of life score (pain development, physical condition, urologic disorders), and hernia recurrence.

RESULTS:

During a 12-month follow-up there were no significant differences in the recurrence rate (1.3%-1.7%). Patients with a pure PP mesh (group I) showed significantly more postoperative seromas (12.1% versus 4.1%/1.8%), foreign body sensations (9.1% versus 5.5%/3.5%), and sensitivity to weather changes (5.6% versus 3.2%/2.2%) compared to groups II and III. In all groups, the quality of life score was improved postoperatively. However, among those patients in our series with few preoperative complaints, the postoperative quality of life was worsened when heavy-weight PP meshes (group I+II) were used but significantly improved when light-weight titanized PP meshes were used.

CONCLUSIONS:

Comparable functional results, fewer postoperative complications, and improved quality of life can be achieved by reducing the amount of PP in meshes used for laparoscopic hernia repair by TAPP procedure.

PMID:
16902744
DOI:
10.1007/s00268-005-0242-3
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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