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J Neurochem. 1990 Apr;54(4):1453-5.

Induction of c-fos mRNA expression in rat striatum by neuroleptic drugs.

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Millhauser Laboratories of the Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, NY 10016.


The effect of selective dopamine D2 receptor-acting drugs on striatal c-fos mRNA expression in the rat has been investigated by Northern hybridization and autoradiography to determine a possible role for c-fos in the initiation of adaptive changes in D2 receptor number by neuroleptic drugs. The neuroleptic drug haloperidol, a D2 receptor antagonist, was found to produce a rapid and transient induction of c-fos mRNA expression as compared with the expression in animals treated with saline. This induction by haloperidol was found to be dose dependent and D2 receptor mediated, inasmuch as a D2 agonist completely reversed the induction and the inactive isomer of the neuroleptic butaclamol, which does not produce an increase in D2 receptors, had no effect on c-fos mRNA expression. From these data, it can be concluded that c-fos expression in striatum is under dopamine D2 receptor-mediated inhibitory control. It is suggested that c-fos may play a role in the initiation of the increase in D2 receptor number produced by chronic neuroleptic drug treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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