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Proc Biol Sci. 2006 Sep 7;273(1598):2185-92.

Disparate maturation adaptations to size-dependent mortality.

Author information

1
Evolution and Ecology Program, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, 2361 Laxenburg, Austria. anna.gardmark@fiskeriverket.se

Abstract

Body size is an important determinant of resource use, fecundity and mortality risk. Evolution of maturation size in response to size-dependent selection is thus a fundamental part of life-history theory. Increased mortality among small individuals has previously been predicted to cause larger maturation size, whereas increased mortality among large individuals is expected to have the opposite effect. Here we use a continuously size-structured model to demonstrate that, contrary to these widespread expectations, increased mortality among small individuals can have three alternative effects: maturation size may increase, decrease or become evolutionarily bistable. We show that such complex responses must be reckoned with whenever mortality is size-dependent, growth is indeterminate, reproduction impairs growth and fecundity increases with size. Predicting adaptive responses to altered size-dependent mortality is thus inherently difficult, since, as demonstrated here, such mortality cannot only reverse the direction of adaptation, but also cause abrupt shifts in evolutionarily stable maturation sizes.

PMID:
16901838
PMCID:
PMC1635525
DOI:
10.1098/rspb.2006.3562
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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