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Pharmacopsychiatry. 2006 Jul;39(4):135-41.

A comparative efficacy and safety study of long-acting risperidone injection and risperidone oral tablets among hospitalized patients: 12-week randomized, single-blind study.

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  • 1Institute of Public Health, National Yang-Ming University, 155 Li-Nong Street section 2, Shihpai, Taipei 112, Taiwan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The superiority of risperidone long-acting injection (RLAI) over oral typical and atypical antipsychotics demonstrated in previous studies may be related to the improved drug compliance. The aim of the 12-week randomized, single-blind study was to test whether the superiority of RLAI remained among hospitalized patients that drug compliance could be optimally controlled.

METHODS:

Fifty hospitalized stable schizophrenic patients, who had maintained on oral risperidone for more than 3 months, were randomized to the RLAI and oral risperidone group. Finally 49 patients (98 %) completed the study, and no dose change of oral risperidone, or RLAI was noted among all patients.

RESULTS:

The RLAI group showed significantly increased positive score of Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) than the risperidone group (0.72 +/- 3.52 vs. -1.24 +/- 3.81, p = 0.022), but without significance difference for the PANSS total, negative and general psychopathology scores. The RLAI group also showed a significantly improved Udvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser (UKU) Scale (p = 0.037), social life domains of Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) (p = 0.011), and reduced prolactin level (p = 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

The results indicated that with optimal controlling of drug compliance among hospitalized patients, RLAI showed no benefit of efficacy over oral risperidone, but with advantages of improved side-effect profiles, social life ratings, and reduced prolactin levels.

PMID:
16900609
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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