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Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2006 Sep;6(5):357-62.

TACI mutation in common variable immunodeficiency and IgA deficiency.

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  • 1Division of Immunology, Children's Hospital, Boston,300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a heterogeneous primary immunodeficiency disease. Immunoglobulin A deficiency (IGAD) shares some clinical, laboratory, and genetic features with CVID and occurs with relatively greater frequency in first-degree relatives of individuals with CVID. Recently, patients with CVID and IGAD have been found to have mutations of the gene TNFRSF13B encoding the TACI (transmembrane activator and calcium-modulator and cyclophilin-ligand interactor), a member of the tumor necrosis factor-receptor superfamily. In this article, we review the various TACI mutations that have been identified so far. Although six mutations have been reported, no clear genotype-phenotype association has been shown to date. This suggests that the phenotypic expression of TACI mutation is affected by additional genetic and environmental factors. Analysis of a larger sample of patients will be needed to determine if the specific mutations are associated with a particular phenotype or predisposition to the common features of CVID and IGAD: autoimmunity, lymphoproliferation, or malignancy.

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