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AIDS Behav. 2007 Mar;11(2):217-26.

Alcohol and sexuality research in the AIDS era: trends in publication activity, target populations and research design.

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1
Department of Psychology, University of Washington, 351525, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. chender@u.washington.edu

Abstract

Research addressing relationships between alcohol and human sexuality has proliferated, due in part to efforts to characterize alcohol's role in HIV risk behavior. This study provides a descriptive review of the alcohol-sexuality literature, using abstracts from 264 identified studies to estimate changes in publication activity, target populations, and the prevalence of HIV-related studies over time. We also examine methodological trends by estimating the prevalence of experimental vs. non-experimental studies. Findings show considerable increases in research activity and diversity of populations studied since the mid-1980's and highlight the emergence of HIV-related studies as a focal point of alcohol-sexuality research efforts. Results also demonstrate a substantial decline in the proportion of studies utilizing experimental methods, in part because of frequent use of non-experimental approaches in studies of alcohol and HIV risk behavior. We discuss implications and review the role of experiments in evaluating causal relationships between alcohol and sexual risk behavior.

PMID:
16897352
PMCID:
PMC2746265
DOI:
10.1007/s10461-006-9130-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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