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Nat Cell Biol. 2006 Sep;8(9):1025-31. Epub 2006 Aug 6.

Interactions between E2F1 and SirT1 regulate apoptotic response to DNA damage.

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Molecular Oncology Program, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, 12902 Magnolia Drive, Tampa, FL 33612, USA.


The nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent deacetylase Sir2 (silent information regulator 2) regulates gene silencing in yeast and promotes lifespan extension during caloric restriction. The mammalian homologue of Sir2 (SirT1) regulates p53, NF-kappaB and Forkhead transcription factors, and is implicated in stress response. This report shows that the cell-cycle and apoptosis regulator E2F1 induces SirT1 expression at the transcriptional level. Furthermore, SirT1 binds to E2F1 and inhibits E2F1 activities, forming a negative feedback loop. Knockdown of SirT1 by small interference RNA (siRNA) increases E2F1 transcriptional and apoptotic functions. DNA damage by etoposide causes E2F1-dependent induction of SirT1 expression and knockdown of SirT1 increases sensitivity to etoposide. These results reveal a mutual regulation between E2F1 and SirT1 that affects cellular sensitivity to DNA damage.

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