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J Urol. 1990 Feb;143(2):316-9.

The significance of the prostatic hypoechoic area: results in 226 ultrasonically guided prostatic biopsies.

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1
Service d'Urologie, Hôpital Antiquaille, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, France.

Abstract

A total of 666 patients with symptoms of urinary outflow obstruction underwent assessment of the patients 64 had a palpable abnormality suggestive of cancer (stages T1 to T4, or B to C). In the remainder the prostate was either palpably normal, firm or enlarged by benign prostatic hypertrophy. All 64 patients with a palpable abnormality and 162 of 602 with normal rectal examination findings had a hypoechoic area on transrectal ultrasound. Biopsy of the ultrasonic abnormality was done in 148 men by the transperineal route with linear array ultrasound guidance and in 78 by the transrectal route with a mechanical sector scanner in the sagittal plane. Of the 64 patients with a nodular prostate 34 (53%) had cancer (31% of those with stages T1 and 2, 83% with stage T3 and 100% with stage T4 disease). In 14% of the patients with stages T1 and T2 cancer the biopsy showed prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3. Of the 162 patients with a palpably normal prostate who underwent ultrasound-guided biopsy 11 (6.7%) had cancer and 6 (3.7%) had grade 3 prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia detected in the biopsy material. Patients with stages T1 to T2 cancer and those with ultrasound-diagnosed impalpable cancer were not significantly different with respect to patient age (67 versus 70 years), cancer size (3.0 +/- 1.6 versus 3.9 +/- 2.5 cm.2) or Gleason score (5.4 +/- 1.2 versus 6.5 +/- 0.9). The results demonstrate that ultrasound guidance improves the yield of prostate needle biopsy. Furthermore, it is suggested that prostate cancer found by ultrasound alone is not different from early palpable disease and should be treated in the same manner.

PMID:
1688955
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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