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Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2007 Jan;36(1):1-7. Epub 2006 Aug 3.

Cystic fibrosis mouse models.

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McGill Centre for the Study of Host Resistance, McGill University Health Center Research Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.


Animal models of cystic fibrosis (CF) are powerful tools that enable the study of the mechanisms and complexities of human disease. Murine models have several intrinsic advantages compared with other animal models, including lower cost, maintenance, and rapid reproduction rate. Mice can be easily genetically manipulated by making transgenic or knockout mice, or by backcrossing to well-defined inbred strains in a reasonably short period of time. However, anatomic and immunologic differences between mice and humans mean that murine models have inherent limitations that must be considered when interpreting the results obtained from experimental models and applying these to the pathogenesis of CF disease in humans. This review will focus on the different CF mouse models available that represent diverse phenotypes observed in humans with CF and that can help researchers elucidate the diverse functions of the CFTR protein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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