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Blood. 2006 Nov 15;108(10):3329-34. Epub 2006 Aug 3.

AML1/Runx1 rescues Notch1-null mutation-induced deficiency of para-aortic splanchnopleural hematopoiesis.

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  • 1Department of Hematology and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan.


The Notch1-RBP-Jkappa and the transcription factor Runx1 pathways have been independently shown to be indispensable for the establishment of definitive hematopoiesis. Importantly, expression of Runx1 is down-regulated in the para-aortic splanchnopleural (P-Sp) region of Notch1- and Rbpsuh-null mice. Here we demonstrate that Notch1 up-regulates Runx1 expression and that the defective hematopoietic potential of Notch1-null P-Sp cells is successfully rescued in the OP9 culture system by retroviral transfer of Runx1. We also show that Hes1, a known effector of Notch signaling, potentiates Runx1-mediated transactivation. Together with the recent findings in zebrafish, Runx1 is postulated to be a cardinal down-stream mediator of Notch signaling in hematopoietic development throughout vertebrates. Our findings also suggest that Notch signaling may modulate both expression and transcriptional activity of Runx1.

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