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Anaerobe. 1997 Dec;3(6):399-403.

Anaerobic aquifer transformations of 2,4-dinitrophenol under different terminal electron accepting conditions.

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  • 1Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Oklahoma, 770 Van Vleet Oval, Norman, OK 73019-0245, USA.


We evaluated the susceptibility of 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) and 2,4-diaminophenol to anaerobic biodegradation in aquifer slurries. Aquifer microorganisms depleted 2,4-DNP at rates of 25, 9 and 0.4 microM/day under methanogenic, sulfate-reducing and nitrate-reducing conditions, respectively. Rates of abiotic, 2,4-DNP loss in autoclaved control incubations were 7.2, 6.2 and 0.95 microM/day respectively. Abiotic, 2,4-DNP reduction was especially important as the first step in its transformation. 2-Amino-4-nitrophenol was produced by this process, but this compound was further metabolized in methanogenic and sulfate-reducing aquifer slurries. This partially reduced compound persisted in autoclaved controls and in the nitrate-reducing aquifer slurries. Aquifer slurries incubated with either 2,4-DNP or 2,4-diaminophenol produced methane when incubated with no other electron acceptor suggesting that mineralization had occurred under these conditions. In parallel experiments, aquifer slurries amended with 2,6-dinitrophenol or picric acid did not produce methane at levels above the substrate unamended controls.


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