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Int J Med Microbiol. 2006 Nov;296(7):467-74. Epub 2006 Aug 2.

Complete sequence of the large virulence plasmid pSFO157 of the sorbitol-fermenting enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H- strain 3072/96.

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Institut für Hygiene und Mikrobiologie der Universität Würzburg, Josef-Schneider-Strasse 2, D-97070 Würzburg, Germany.


The large virulence plasmid pSFO157 of sorbitol-fermenting E. coli O157:H(-) strain 3072/96 has a size of 121,239bp and contains 96 open reading frames >50bp. It is therefore 29,162bp larger (ca. 32%) than plasmid pO157 of E. coli O157:H7 strain EDL933. Major differences between the plasmids are the absence of katP, espP, and toxB in pSFO157 and, instead of these, the presence of the sfp fimbriae gene cluster and a large part of an F-plasmid transfer region, the latter accounting for most of the additional DNA. The differences in the order of the genes and their composition, as well as the presence of a number of replication-associated genes and mobile genetic elements suggests that the large E. coli O157 virulence plasmids have a complex evolutionary origin.

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