Send to

Choose Destination
Burns. 2006 Dec;32(8):1009-16. Epub 2006 Aug 1.

Microalbuminuria: a marker of endothelial dysfunction in thermal injury.

Author information

University Hospital Birmingham, UK.



Systemic endothelial dysfunction (SED) and capillary leak occur following severe burn. SED can be assessed as low-level albuminuria (microalbuminuria) detectable only by sensitive immunoassay. This study compared the magnitude and duration of microalbuminuria with burn surface area and associated aggravating factors.


Serial urine specimens were collected from 2 to 36 h after injury from 43 adult burn patients with a mean total body surface area (TBSA) of 32% (range 15-68%) and during 44 episodes of wound manipulation within the same period. Urinary albumin was expressed as the albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR, normal <2.3 mg/mmol).


Median ACR was highest 2h after injury (12.3 range 1.8-118 mg/mmol) returning to normal within 6 h. Full thickness burns (mean 17%) showed a significant association with ACR between 3 and 7h after burn. ACR was higher for up to 8 h in the presence of inhalation injury, alcohol intoxication or accelerant (p<0.05). ACR rose within 30 min of escharotomy or wound scrubbing (p<0.01).


Severe burn produces variable SED which recurs with wound manipulation. Inhalation injury, alcohol intoxication and accelerant all showed a stronger association with SED than TBSA. Microalbuminuria provides a means of monitoring microvascular integrity during the early after injury period.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center