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Burns. 2006 Dec;32(8):1009-16. Epub 2006 Aug 1.

Microalbuminuria: a marker of endothelial dysfunction in thermal injury.

Author information

1
University Hospital Birmingham, UK. lilly@doctors.org.uk

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Systemic endothelial dysfunction (SED) and capillary leak occur following severe burn. SED can be assessed as low-level albuminuria (microalbuminuria) detectable only by sensitive immunoassay. This study compared the magnitude and duration of microalbuminuria with burn surface area and associated aggravating factors.

METHODS:

Serial urine specimens were collected from 2 to 36 h after injury from 43 adult burn patients with a mean total body surface area (TBSA) of 32% (range 15-68%) and during 44 episodes of wound manipulation within the same period. Urinary albumin was expressed as the albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR, normal <2.3 mg/mmol).

RESULTS:

Median ACR was highest 2h after injury (12.3 range 1.8-118 mg/mmol) returning to normal within 6 h. Full thickness burns (mean 17%) showed a significant association with ACR between 3 and 7h after burn. ACR was higher for up to 8 h in the presence of inhalation injury, alcohol intoxication or accelerant (p<0.05). ACR rose within 30 min of escharotomy or wound scrubbing (p<0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Severe burn produces variable SED which recurs with wound manipulation. Inhalation injury, alcohol intoxication and accelerant all showed a stronger association with SED than TBSA. Microalbuminuria provides a means of monitoring microvascular integrity during the early after injury period.

PMID:
16884855
DOI:
10.1016/j.burns.2006.02.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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