Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Glia. 2006 Oct;54(5):343-57.

Roles of two types of anion channels in glutamate release from mouse astrocytes under ischemic or osmotic stress.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Physiology, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Okazaki 444-8585, Japan.

Erratum in

  • Glia. 2006 Dec;54(8):891.

Abstract

Astrocytes release glutamate upon hyperexcitation in the normal brain, and in response to pathologic insults such as ischemia and trauma. In our experiments, both hypotonic and ischemic stimuli caused the release of glutamate from cultured mouse astrocytes, which occurred with little or no contribution of gap junction hemichannels, vesicle-mediated exocytosis, or reversed operation of the Na-dependent glutamate transporter. Cell swelling and chemical ischemia activated, in cell-attached membrane patches, anionic channels with large unitary conductance (approximately 400 pS) and inactivation kinetics at potentials more positive than +20 mV or more negative than -20 mV. These properties are different from those of volume-sensitive outwardly rectifying (VSOR) Cl- channels, which were also expressed in these cells and exhibited intermediate unitary conductance (approximately 80 pS) and inactivation kinetics at large positive potentials of more than +40 mV. Both maxi-anion channels and VSOR Cl- channels were permeable to glutamate with permeability ratios of glutamate to chloride of 0.21 +/- 0.07 and 0.15 +/- 0.01, respectively. However, the release of glutamate was significantly more sensitive to Gd3+, a blocker of maxi-anion channels, than to phloretin, a blocker of VSOR Cl- channels. We conclude that these two channels jointly represent a major conductive pathway for the release of glutamate from swollen and ischemia-challenged astrocytes, with the contribution of maxi-anion channels being predominant.

PMID:
16883573
DOI:
10.1002/glia.20400
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center