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J Agric Food Chem. 2006 Aug 9;54(16):6059-68.

Antioxidant activity of zein hydrolysates in a liposome system and the possible mode of action.

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1
Department of Food Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China.

Abstract

Maize zein was hydrolyzed for 0.5-5 h by alcalase or papain. Protein solubility increased (P < 0.05) with the degree of hydrolysis (DH) and was higher for alcalase-hydrolyzed zein than for papain-hydrolyzed zein. The zein hydrolysates with both enzymes consisted mostly of small peptides or amino acids nondetectable by 15% acrylamide gel electrophoresis. Alcalase-hydrolyzed zein exhibited a stronger (P < 0.05) antioxidant activity than papain-hydrolyzed zein, as indicated by peroxide and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance values in a liposome-oxidizing system. Zein hydrolysates possessed strong Cu(2+) chelation ability and marked reducing power, both of which were accentuated with hydrolysis time. The protein hydrolysates also showed strong radical-scavenging ability, which was not influenced by hydrolysis time. The antioxidant activity of alcalase-hydrolyzed zein at some specific low concentrations was close or comparable to those of butylated hydroxyanisole, alpha-tocopherol, and ascorbate. Although intact zein displayed an antioxidative effect, it was far less potent than hydrolyzed zein. The results demonstrated that enzyme-hydrolyzed zein can act as a metal ion chelator or a hydrogen donor, as well as a radical stabilizer to inhibit lipid oxidation. The effectiveness of the protein hydrolysates appeared to depend on both the concentration and the peptide/amino acid composition of the soluble protein fraction.

PMID:
16881717
DOI:
10.1021/jf060632q
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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