Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Clin Pathol. 2006 Sep;126(3):365-76.

Contemporary morphologic definition of backwash ileitis in ulcerative colitis and features that distinguish it from Crohn disease.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomic Pathology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI 48073, USA.

Abstract

Terminal ileum (TI) sections from 250 ulcerative colitis (UC) total colectomy specimens resected during 3 periods and endoscopic TI biopsy specimens from 100 contemporary chronic UC and 100 Crohn disease (CD) patients were reviewed. The respective proportions of cases resected during the 3 periods with moderately or markedly active cecal UC were 72%, 34%, and 2% and with moderate or marked backwash ileitis (BWI), 21%, 18%, and 0%. The activity level of BWI correlated with level of cecal UC. In contemporary initial endoscopic TI biopsy specimens, 6% of chronic UC patients had BWI, all with moderately to markedly active cecal chronic UC. In CD cases, 75% had chronic or active enteritis, consisting of patchy lamina propria edema containing mildly active inflammation, crypt disarray, and focally blunted or flattened villi. Mucous gland metaplasia was present in 27% of CD biopsy specimens. BWI should be restricted to active enteritis that involves the ileum in a contiguous pattern from the cecum that has a similar or greater degree of active inflammation. Mild BWI predominantly involves the superficial mucosa in a contiguous pattern. Focal isolated ileal erosions, mucous gland metaplasia, or patchy edema with mild active inflammation are features of CD.

PMID:
16880149
DOI:
10.1309/UAXMW3428PGN9HJ3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
    Loading ...
    Support Center