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Aktuelle Urol. 2006 Jul;37(4):277-80.

[Use of permanent electrodes in the peripheral nerve evaluation test (PNE-Test) in comparison to conventional wire electrodes].

[Article in German]

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Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Klinik für Urologie und Kinderurologie, Arnold-Heller-Strasse 7, 24105 Kiel.



Prior to implantation of a chronic sacral neurostimulator, it is important to establish which patients might profit from this kind of therapy in order to ensure, by means of a PNE (peripheral nerve evaluation) test, that the implantation of a permanent stimulating device is effective. In this study we compared the two different techniques used in our department (implantation of the permanent neurostimulation electrodes, the so-called "two-stage-implantation" vs. conventional PNE).


We performed a sacral nerve stimulation in 53 patients (mean age: 49.7 years, range: 14 - 75 years) over a minimum of 5 days. In 42 patients we performed a conventional PNE, 11 patients underwent "two-stage implantation" with implantation of the permanent electrodes.


52 of 53 patients received bilateral test stimulation (9 % at S2, 91 % at S3). One patient underwent unilateral PNE (S3) because of an anatomic deformity of the os sacrum. In 20 cases the conventional PNE-test (cPNE) was successful according to standard criteria (47.6 % of all cPNE). The response rate of "two-stage implantation" with implantation of the permanent electrodes was 81.8 % (9 of 11 patients).


The success rate of implantation of permanent neurostimulation electrodes in selecting patients for the permanent implant is significantly higher than the conventional PNE. In this group patients with neurogenic and overactive bladder dysfunctions showed the highest response rates to sacral nerve stimulation and are the most likely to benefit from sacral neuromodulation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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