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J Biomed Biotechnol. 2006;2006(1):56182.

LINE-1 endonuclease-dependent retrotranspositional events causing human genetic disease: mutation detection bias and multiple mechanisms of target gene disruption.

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INSERM U613, Génétique Moléculaire et Génétique Epidémiologique, 29220 Brest, France.


LINE-1 (L1) elements are the most abundant autonomous non-LTR retrotransposons in the human genome. Having recently performed a meta-analysis of L1 endonuclease-mediated retrotranspositional events causing human genetic disease, we have extended this study by focusing on two key issues, namely, mutation detection bias and the multiplicity of mechanisms of target gene disruption. Our analysis suggests that whereas an ascertainment bias may have generally militated against the detection of autosomal L1-mediated insertions, autosomal L1 direct insertions could have been disproportionately overlooked owing to their unusually large size. Our analysis has also indicated that the mechanisms underlying the functional disruption of target genes by L1-mediated retrotranspositional events are likely to be dependent on several different factors such as the type of insertion (L1 direct, L1 trans-driven Alu, or SVA), the precise locations of the inserted sequences within the target gene regions, the length of the inserted sequences, and possibly also their orientation.

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