Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2006 Jul;16(3):435-49.

Currently available simulators: ex vivo models.

Author information

Department of Medicine III-Gastroenterology, Interventional Endoscopy, St. Bernward Academic Teaching Hospital, Treibe Strasse 9, Hildesheim D-31134, Germany.


The introduction of the ex vivo tissue endoscopy simulators represents a major advance in endoscopic training, particularly in therapeutic endoscopy. The simulators have been popular teaching tools from the start, and the data supporting their benefit are accruing, especially in hemostasis training. Simulators like the compact EASIE may prove most beneficial as training tools for interventional skills that require repetitive practice and a larger volume of procedures than may occur naturally during the course of standard endoscopy practice. More data are needed to confirm that hands-on simulator training improves outcomes in clinical endoscopic performance and to characterize better the influence of such simulator work on subsequent endoscopic practice. As ex vivo simulators become more available, it is likely that these models will enhance initial training and also allow practicing gastroenterologists to acquire new techniques, maintain their skills, and demonstrate proficiency for credentialing purposes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center