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Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2006 Jul;17(3):277-87, vi.

Cervicothoracic kyphosis.

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Department of Neurosurgery, University of California San Francisco, 513 Parnassus avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143-0410, USA.


Cervicothoracic kyphotic deformity may inhibit horizontal gaze function, impede activities of daily living, and induce disabling pain. Eventually, some patients develop a chin-on-chest deformity that limits their ability to eat and drink; in the end stage, a few patients also may have difficulty breathing. Progressive kyphosis can stretch the spinal cord leading to myelopathy with progressive lower extremity spasticity and weakness. Indications for surgery include myelopathy, pain, dysphagia or dyspnea owing to kyphosis, and difficulty maintaining a functional horizontal gaze. Patients with unstable cervicothoracic fractures also require surgical fixation. For these patients, surgical goals include deformity correction with restoration of an acceptable forward gaze, re-establishment of sagittal balance, decompression of the spinal cord (if myelopathic), and stable fixation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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