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Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2006 Dec;291(6):G1180-6. Epub 2006 Jul 27.

Serotonergic modulation of murine fundic tone.

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Enteric NeuroScience Program, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.


Fundic tone is maintained through a balance of excitatory and inhibitory input to fundic smooth muscle. The aim of this study was to determine the role of serotonin (5-HT) and 5-HT receptors in modulating murine fundic tone. Muscle strips were prepared from the murine fundus. Intracellular recordings were made from circular smooth muscle cells, and the effects of 5-HT on tone and excitatory and inhibitory junction potentials evoked by electrical field stimulation (EFS) were determined. 5-HT induced a concentration-dependent contraction and smooth muscle depolarization that was tetrodotoxin resistant. The 5-HT(1B/D) receptor antagonists GR-127935 and BRL-155172 significantly inhibited 5-HT-induced contractions. The 5-HT(1B/D) agonist sumatriptan contracted murine fundic muscle. The 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist buspirone relaxed fundic smooth muscle, and the relaxation was inhibited by WAY-100135 but not by N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine or tetrodotoxin. 5-HT enhanced both the excitatory and inhibitory responses to EFS. The 5-HT(3) receptor antagonist MDL-72222 partly inhibited both the excitatory and inhibitory response elicited by EFS, whereas the 5-HT(4) receptor antagonist GR-113808 partly inhibited the EFS-evoked inhibitory response. The 5-HT reuptake inhibitor fluoxetine contracted smooth muscle strips, a contraction that was partially inhibited by GR-127935 and abolished by tetrodotoxin. In conclusion, the data suggest that 5-HT modulates murine fundic contractile activity through several different receptor subtypes. Sustained release of 5-HT maintains fundic tone through postjunctional 5-HT(1B/D) receptors. 5-HT(3) receptors modulate excitatory neural input to murine fundic smooth muscle, and both 5-HT(3) and 5-HT(4) receptors modulate inhibitory neural input to murine fundic smooth muscle.

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