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Clin Chem. 2006 Sep;52(9):1679-84. Epub 2006 Jul 27.

Lack of concordance between the 75-g and 100-g glucose load tests for the diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus.

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  • 1Department of Gynecology, Perinatology and Human Reproduction, University of Florence, Firenze, Italy.



Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is common and can have a substantial impact on fetal growth, birth weight, and morbidity. The American Diabetes Association recommends GDM testing with either a 3-h, 100-g glucose load (100 g) (criteria according to Am J Obstet Gynecol 1982;144:768-73) or a 2-h, 75-g glucose load (75g). We investigated the comparability of the 75 g and the 100g tests in the diagnosis of GDM.


From January 1997 to December 1999, in 1061 consecutive Caucasian nonobese and nondiabetic pregnant women who attended the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Unit, we performed GDM testing with a 75-g load during 2 periods of pregnancy: early (16-20 weeks) and late (26-30 weeks). Because we assumed there would be few GBM cases in women with a 1-h plasma glucose <1300 mg/L in the 75 g test, we did not retest these women. We retested the remaining women with possible or diagnosed GDM with a 100-g load within a week.


GDM was diagnosed in 41 of 227 women with the 100-g load and 15 of 227 with the 75-g load (11 concordant); the kappa index was 0.21. At 26-31 weeks of pregnancy, 484 of 976 women (49.9%) underwent both tests. GDM was diagnosed in 60 of 484 woman with the 100-g load and in 26 of 484 with the 75-g load (13 concordant); the kappa index was 0.18.


Among women with possible GDM in both early and late periods of pregnancy, there was only weak diagnostic agreement between results determined with 75-g and 100-g glucose loads.

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