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RNA. 2006 Sep;12(9):1626-32. Epub 2006 Jul 26.

MicroRNA and 3T3-L1 pre-adipocyte differentiation.

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  • 1Department of Epidemiology, Research Institute, National Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Osaka, Japan.


MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been suggested to play important roles in cell proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation. In this study, we examined miRNA expression profiles during 3T3-L1 pre-adipocyte differentiation. We constructed miRNA libraries from pre- and post-differentiated 3T3-L1 cells, and identified the expression of 77 previously reported miRNAs and 3 new miRNAs. Next, we investigated the expression levels of 102 miRNAs, including those identified in the libraries, during adipogenesis by Northern blot analysis. Sixty-five miRNAs were detected and the expression of 21 miRNAs was up- or down-regulated during adipogenesis. Intriguingly, changes in the miRNA expression pattern were observed at day 9, when lipid droplets were visible, but not at days 1, 2, or 5 after the induction of differentiation. Antisense inhibition of the up-regulated miRNAs did not affect 3T3-L1 pre-adipocyte differentiation. Although these miRNAs may be involved in modulating adipocyte function, mild down-modulations of the up-regulated miRNAs do not appear to affect 3T3-L1 pre-adipocyte differentiation.

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