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Virology. 2006 Sep 30;353(2):433-42. Epub 2006 Jul 25.

C-terminal repetitive motifs in Vp130 present at the unique vertex of the Chlorovirus capsid are essential for binding to the host Chlorella cell wall.

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Department of Molecular Biotechnology, Graduate School of Advanced Sciences of Matter, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8530, Japan.


Previously, Vp130, a chloroviral structural protein, was found to have host-cell-wall-binding activity for NC64A-viruses (PBCV-1 and CVK2). In this study, we have isolated and characterized the corresponding protein from chlorovirus CVGW1, one of Pbi-viruses that have a different host range. In NC64A-viruses, Vp130 consists of a highly conserved N-terminal domain, internal repeats of 70-73 aa motifs and a C-terminal domain occupied by 23-26 tandem repeats of a PAPK motif. However, CVGW1 was found to have a slightly different Vp130 construction where the PAPK repeats were not in the C-terminus but internal. Immunofluorescence microscopy with a specific antibody revealed that the C-terminal region containing the Vp130 repetitive motifs from PBCV-1 and CVK2 was responsible for binding to Chlorella cell walls. Furthermore, by immunoelectron microscopy and immunofluorescence microscopy, Vp130 was localized at a unique vertex of the chlorovirus particle and was found to be masked through binding to the host cells. These results suggested that Vp130 is localized at a unique vertex on the virion, with the C-terminal repetitive units outside for cell wall binding.

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