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Drug Metab Dispos. 1991 Nov-Dec;19(6):1080-6.

Stereoselective degradation of the fenoprofen acyl glucuronide enantiomers and irreversible binding to plasma protein.

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Department of Pharmacy, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0446.


Stereoselective degradation of fenoprofen (FEN) glucuronides and irreversible binding of FEN enantiomers to human serum albumin via their glucuronides were studied. At different pH values, 37 degrees C, and in the absence of albumin, degradation half-lives were diastereomeric, resulting mainly from a combination of hydrolysis and acyl migration. Lower pH enhanced FEN glucuronide stability and reduced the extent of irreversible binding. The degradation rate of R-FEN glucuronide was greater than that of the S-glucuronide (S-FEN). When human serum albumin was added to the medium, stability was decreased as compared to protein-free buffer. FEN glucuronides were readily hydrolyzed to parent drug, indicating an esterase-like activity of the albumin molecule. In vitro irreversible binding was higher for R-FEN (1.22% +/- 0.36) than for S-FEN glucuronide (0.76% +/- 0.12), when a 0.1 mM concentration of each conjugate enantiomer was incubated under physiological conditions (pH 7.4, 37 degrees C). Incubation with unconjugated FEN did not lead to measurable irreversible binding. Analysis of plasma samples from a clinical study showed that enantioselective irreversible binding of FEN to plasma proteins also occurs in vivo. After administration of a single 600-mg dose of racemic FEN to six healthy volunteers, covalent binding of R- and S-FEN to plasma proteins was measured in all subjects. The percentage of S-FEN protein adduct was greater than that of its R-enantiomer adduct. Total amounts of FEN irreversibly bound to plasma protein in vivo were also very low (1.02 +/- 0.32 and 3.23 +/- 0.85 mol/mol protein x 10(-4) for R- and S-FEN, respectively).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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