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FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2006 Aug;57(2):226-38.

Comparative effects of exopolysaccharides from lactic acid bacteria and fructo-oligosaccharides on infant gut microbiota tested in an in vitro colonic model with immobilized cells.

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1
Dairy Research Centre STELA, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada.

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  • FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2006 Aug;57(2):337-9.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the effects of purified exopolysaccharides from Lactobacillus rhamnosus RW-9595M with those of a well-known prebiotic (short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides) on infant colonic microbiota using a new three-stage chemostat model with immobilized infant faecal microbiota. Two continuous cultures with different faecal inocula were tested with different compositions of carbohydrate media. During the first fermentation (F1), fructo-oligosaccharides tested at a concentration of 9.8 g L(-1) increased the number of lactobacilli and decreased coliforms both in gel beads and in effluent from all three reactors, in agreement with data from the literature. During the second fermentation (F2), the effect of fructo-oligosaccharides tested at a lower concentration (7.5 g L(-1)) was reduced compared with F1. Fructo-oligosaccharides also increased total organic acid concentration and decreased ammonia production. Results obtained for exopolysaccharide tested at 1.5 g L(-1) indicate that exopolysaccharides from L. rhamnosus RW-9595M was not metabolized by infant microbiota and lacked any prebiotic effect.

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