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J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2006 Aug;45(8):913-918. doi: 10.1097/01.chi.0000222784.03735.92.

Child-parent psychotherapy: 6-month follow-up of a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
From the Child Trauma Research Project, San Francisco General Hospital, and the Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Francisco.. Electronic address: alicia.lieberman@ucsf.edu.
2
From the Child Trauma Research Project, San Francisco General Hospital, and the Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Francisco.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the durability of improvement in child and maternal symptoms 6 months after termination of child-parent psychotherapy (CPP).

METHOD:

Seventy-five multiethnic preschool-age child-mother dyads from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds were randomly assigned to (1) CPP or (2) case management plus community referral for individual treatment. Children were 3 to 5 years old. Follow-up assessments were conducted 6 months after the end of a 1-year treatment period. Mothers completed the Child Behavior Checklist and the Symptom Checklist Revised to assess child's and mother's symptoms.

RESULTS:

For treatment completers, general linear model (GLM) repeated-measures analyses support the durability of CPP with significant group x time interactions for children's total behavior problems and mothers' general distress. Intent-to-treat analyses revealed similar findings for children's behavior problems but were not significant for maternal symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS:

The findings provide additional evidence of the efficacy and durability of CPP with this population and highlight the importance of a relationship focus in the treatment of traumatized preschoolers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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