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Free Radic Biol Med. 2006 Aug 15;41(4):579-89. Epub 2006 May 10.

Oxidative stress and inflammatory response evoked by transient cerebral ischemia/reperfusion: effects of the PPAR-alpha agonist WY14643.

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Department of Anatomy, Pharmacology, and Forensic Medicine, University of Turin, 10125 Turin, Italy.

Erratum in

  • Free Radic Biol Med. 2006 Nov 15;41(10):1619.


This study investigated the effects of the selective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-alpha) agonist WY14643 on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in the rat hippocampus. Transient cerebral ischemia (30 min), followed by 1-24 h reperfusion, significantly increased the generation of reactive oxygen species, nitric oxide (NO), and lipid peroxidation end-products, as well as markedly reducing levels of the endogenous antioxidant glutathione. Reperfusion for 3-6 h led to increased expression of the proteins heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), inducible NO synthase (iNOS), and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). Pretreatment with WY14643 suppressed oxidative stress and expression of HO-1, iNOS, and ICAM-1, but had no effect on COX-2. These effects are due to suppression of the activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and nuclear factor-kappaB. The PPAR-alpha antagonist MK886 abolished the beneficial effects of WY14643. The levels of S100B protein, a marker of cerebral injury used in stroke trials to monitor injury, were high in the hippocampus of rats exposed to I/R, but markedly reduced by WY14643. We propose that WY14643 protects the brain against excessive oxidative stress and inflammation and may thus be useful in treating stroke.

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