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Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue. 2006 Jun;15(3):318-20.

[Experimental study of the inhibitory effects of Chelidonium majus L. extractive on Streptococcus mutans in vitro].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
School of Stomatology, China Medical University, Shenyang 110002, Liaoning Province, China. chengruibo@sohu.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To study the inhibitory effects of Chelidonium majus L. extractive on the growth of Streptococcus mutans in vitro, and to explore its mechanism in caries prevention.

METHODS:

Streptococcus mutans 25175 was chosen as the experimental bacterium. The Chelidonium majus L. extractives chelidonine and chelerythrine were double diluted to different concentrations by two-fold dilution. The inhibitory effect of Streptococcus mutans was measured by slip diffusion method. The minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC) was also determined. 0.16% liquor hibitane was used as positive control. Spearman correlation was used for statistical analysis.

RESULTS:

Inhibition zone of Streptococcus mutans appeared in some concentration of chelerythrine, but no inhibition zone in each concentration of chelidonine. The MIC of chelerythrine was 0.78 mg/ml which determined by liquid culture medium. The concentration of chelerythrine was highly related to the inhibitory zone of Streptococcus mutans (r=0.99, P<0.01).

CONCLUSION:

The antibacterial activity of Chelidonium majus L. extractive chelerythrine on Streptococcus mutans was significant,and the antibacterial activity of the concentration 100 mg/ml was higher than that of 0.16% liquor hibitane (19.4 mm), indicating that chelerythrine can be used as an agent for prevention of dental caries.

PMID:
16862371
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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