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AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006 Aug;187(2):439-44.

MRI Measurement of the hemodynamics of the pulmonary and systemic arterial circulation: influence of breathing maneuvers.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology (E010), German Cancer Research Center, (DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany. ley@gmx.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to use phase-contrast MRI to evaluate the influence of various breathing maneuvers on the hemodynamics of the pulmonary and systemic arterial circulation.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

Twenty-five volunteers were examined with phase-contrast MRI. Flow measurements were acquired in the aorta, pulmonary trunk, and left and right pulmonary arteries during deep, large-volume inspiratory breath-hold, expiratory breath-hold, and smooth respiration (no breath-hold). Parameters assessed were peak velocity, blood flow, velocity gradient, and acceleration time.

RESULTS:

Pulmonary blood flow and peak velocity were significantly reduced during inspiratory breath-hold and expiratory breath-hold compared with no breath-hold (p < 0.01). Pulmonary velocity gradient in inspiratory breath-hold was significantly (p </= 0.01) lower than in expiratory breath-hold and no breath-hold. There was no difference in velocity gradient between expiratory breath-hold and no breath-hold. Peak velocity in the aorta was lowest with no breath-hold. Velocity gradient was highest in expiratory breath-hold, and no breath-hold had the smallest SD. Acceleration time in the pulmonary trunk showed no difference between inspiratory breath-hold, expiratory breath-hold, and no breath-hold. Blood flow distribution to the left (45-47%) and to the right (53-55%) lung was not influenced by breathing maneuver.

CONCLUSION:

Measurements during smooth respiration showed the smallest SD. Therefore, no-breath-hold measurements should be considered for assessment of hemodynamics in clinical practice.

PMID:
16861549
DOI:
10.2214/AJR.06.5065
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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