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J Dent Res. 2006 Aug;85(8):733-8.

Regulation of cementoblast function by P. gingivalis lipopolysaccharide via TLR2.

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  • 1Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Washington, D322-Health Science Center Box 356365, Seattle, WA 98195-6365, USA.


Although cementoblasts express Toll-like receptors (TLR)-2 and -4, little is known regarding the possible participation of cementoblasts in the inflammatory response. We investigated the effects of Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS), tetra- and penta-acylated lipid A species (designated PgLPS(1435/1449) and PgLPS(1690), respectively), on gene expression of osteoclastogenesis-associated molecules in murine cementoblasts. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR analysis revealed that receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL), interleukin-6, Regulated on activation, normal T-cell expressed, and secreted (RANTES), macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 were rapidly and dramatically induced upon stimulation with PgLPS(1690), but only slightly induced with PgLPS(1435/1449). Osteoprotegerin, which was expressed constitutively, was not altered significantly. ELISA demonstrated synthesis of corresponding proteins. PgLPS(1690) significantly induced transcripts for NF-kappaB, and this activation was inhibited by pre-treatment with anti-TLR-2 but not with TLR-4 antibodies. These results suggest that cementoblasts participate in the recruitment of osteoclastic precursor cells by up-regulation of chemokines/cytokines.

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