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Patient Educ Couns. 2006 Sep;62(3):330-9. Epub 2006 Jul 24.

Understanding behavior change for women experiencing intimate partner violence: mapping the ups and downs using the stages of change.

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1
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences and General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Magee-Women's Hospital of UPMC, 300 Halket Street, PA 15213, USA. jchang@mail.magee.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

For women who are experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV), making changes toward safety is often a gradual process. When providing counseling and support, health care providers may benefit from better understanding of where women are in their readiness to change. Our objective was to apply the transtheoretical model's stages of change to the experiences of women who experienced IPV and map their experiences of change as they moved toward increased safety.

METHODS:

A multi-disciplinary team designed a qualitative interview process with 20 women who had current or past histories of IPV in order to explore their experiences.

RESULTS:

The women in our study (1) moved through stages of readiness generally in a nonlinear fashion, with varying rates of progression between safe and nonsafe situations, (2) were able to identify a "turning-point" in their situations, (3) attempted multiple "action" steps and (4) were influenced by internal and external factors.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study suggests that focusing on the transtheoretical model to develop stage-based interventions for IPV may not be the most appropriate given the nonsequential movement between stages and influence of external factors.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

The "change mapping" technique can be used as an educational and counseling tool with patients, as well as a training tool for health care providers.

PMID:
16860522
DOI:
10.1016/j.pec.2006.06.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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