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Virus Res. 2006 Dec;122(1-2):175-82. Epub 2006 Jul 21.

Complete genome analysis of RFLP 184 isolates of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, 205 Veterinary Science Building, 1971 Commonwealth Avenue, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA.

Abstract

Two full-length genomes of recently emerged virulent isolates of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) were sequenced and compared to other PRRSV strains. The results revealed that these two isolates (named MN184), of North American lineage, represented the shortest PRRSV genomes sequenced to date with a nucleotide length of 15019 bases. Genetic analysis demonstrated that the two isolates were not identical and shared approximately 87 and 59% nucleotide identity with prototype North American strain VR-2332 and European strain Lelystad, respectively. Three quite variable regions were identified, corresponding to putative nsp1beta, putative nsp2 and ORF5. Nsp2, the most variable region, shared only 66-70% amino acid similarity to other sequenced North American-like PRRSV nsp2 proteins. Further study revealed that the nsp2 protein of the MN184 isolates contained three discontinuous deletions when compared to strain VR-2332 nsp2 protein, with the sizes of 111, 1, and 19 amino acids corresponding to strain VR-2332 positions 324-434, 486 and 505-523, respectively. The results suggest that targeted manipulation of PRRSV through nsp2 modification by reverse genetics may yield promising vectors for vaccine development, as has been recently demonstrated [Han, J., Faaberg, K.S., Wang, Y., Liu, H., 2005. Non-structural protein 2 mutants of PRRSV strain VR-2332 infectious clone based on deletions seen in RFLP184 isolates are viable. In: PRRS International Symposium Proceedings, vol. 8, Saint Louis, MO].

PMID:
16860427
DOI:
10.1016/j.virusres.2006.06.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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