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Genomics. 1991 Dec;11(4):1102-12.

Characterization and chromosomal mapping of a human steroid 5 alpha-reductase gene and pseudogene and mapping of the mouse homologue.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Genetics, Univeristy of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas 75235.


The enzyme steroid 5 alpha-reductase catalyzes the conversion of testosterone into the more powerful androgen, dihydrotestosterone. We previously described the cloning of rat and human cDNAs that encode steroid 5 alpha-reductase and their expression in oocytes and cultured cells. Here, we report the isolation, characterization, and chromosomal mapping of two human steroid 5 alpha-reductase genes. One gene (symbol SRD5A1) is functional, contains five exons separated by four introns, and maps to the distal short arm of chromosome 5. Two informative restriction fragment length polymorphisms are present in exons 1 and 2 of this gene. A second gene (symbol SRD5AP1) has all of the hallmarks of a processed pseudogene and was mapped to the q24-qter region of the X chromosome. In the mouse, a single steroid 5 alpha-reductase gene (Srd5 alpha-1) is linked to Xmv-13 on chromosome 13.

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