Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
EMBO J. 2006 Jul 26;25(14):3411-21. Epub 2006 Jul 13.

Unique anti-apoptotic activity of EAAC1 in injured motor neurons.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Osaka City University, Graduate School of Medicine, Abeno-ku, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

Injured motor neurons of the adult rat can survive, whereas similar axotomy causes gradual motor neuron death in the adult mouse. We report that the decreased expression of the neuronal glutamate transporter excitatory amino-acid carrier 1 (EAAC1) following nerve injury is associated with motor neuron death in the mouse. Glutamate transporters play a crucial role in prevention of neuronal death by suppressing glutamate toxicity. However, the possible functional role of EAAC1 in preventing neuron death has not been resolved as compared with glial glutamate transporters such as GLT-1. Here, we have revealed a unique 'rescue' function of EAAC1, which is independent of removal of extracellular glutamate. During apoptotic stimuli, a mitochondrial protein, holocytochrome c synthetase (HCCS), translocates to outside the mitochondria, binds to and suppresses the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP), leading to activation of caspase-3. The N-terminus of EAAC1 can bind to HCCS, which interferes with the HCCS-XIAP association, and thereby maintain XIAP activity. This unique anti-apoptotic mechanism of EAAC1 functions in rescuing PC12 cells and motor neurons from NGF deprivation and nerve injury, respectively.

PMID:
16858406
PMCID:
PMC1523171
DOI:
10.1038/sj.emboj.7601225
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center